Vologases III of Parthia

Vologases III of Parthia

110 - 147 AD
PredecessorPacorus II
SuccessorVologases IV
FatherPacorus II

His Story

Vologases III was a Parthian king who ruled from 105 to 147 AD. He was the son of Vologases II and a grandson of Vologases I. He inherited a troubled empire that was constantly threatened by internal rebellions and external invasions.

He had to deal with several challenges during his reign, such as the Roman wars, the revolt of Osroes I, and the rise of the Kushan Empire.

One of his main achievements was his successful campaign against the Romans in Armenia and Mesopotamia. He managed to capture the Roman provinces of Armenia and Mesopotamia in 114 AD, after defeating the Roman emperor Trajan.

He also defended his territories against Trajan’s successor, Hadrian, who eventually agreed to restore Armenia and Mesopotamia to Parthian rule in 117 AD.

Another challenge that Vologases III faced was the revolt of his brother Osroes I, who claimed the Parthian throne in 116 AD. Osroes I gained support from some Parthian nobles and provinces, and even allied himself with some Roman governors.

Vologases III had to fight a civil war against his brother for several years, until he finally defeated him in 129 AD.

Vologases III also had to contend with the expansion of the Kushan Empire, which was a powerful rival in Central Asia and India. The Kushans invaded Parthia several times during Vologases III’s reign, and even captured some Parthian cities and provinces. Vologases III tried to resist the Kushan attacks, but he was unable to stop their advance.

Vologases III died in 147 AD, after ruling for 42 years. He was succeeded by his son Vologases IV, who continued his father’s policies and struggles. Vologases III was one of the longest-reigning and most influential Parthian kings, who managed to preserve his empire despite many difficulties and dangers.

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